Israel is building a national archaeological centre to store and showcase its rich collection of some two million ancient artefacts, including the world’s largest collection of Dead Sea Scrolls.
Israel’s Antiquities Authority said on Tuesday that most of Israel’s state antiquities collection, currently stored in large warehouses that are closed to the public, will be moved to a new 35,000-square-metre centre.
It will be the Antiquities Authority’s first public centre for exhibiting its treasures, which date back as far as 5000 years. Parts of the centre will be open to the public.
Israel is calling the archaeological library and archives the largest of their kind in the Middle East.
“It’s dazzling… to look at 12,000 ancient glass pieces complete, or the entirety of ancient textiles, or 10,000 oil lamps,” said Jacob Fisch, director of the Friends of the Antiquities Authority, a fundraising group involved in the project.
“You will be able to walk through actual national treasures and look into the wealth of the archaeological heritage of the land of Israel.”
The centre, under construction in Jerusalem and scheduled to be inaugurated in 2016, will serve as a research centre for Israeli archaeology and history. It will house a library of some 150,000 books, including 500 rare books, archives of maps, permits and plans of local excavations from the past century, and restoration labs with observation windows for the public to take a peek at conservation work.
The government’s collection of some 15,000 Dead Sea Scroll fragments – the largest collection in the world – will also move from a small, secure government-operated facility on the Israel Museum campus to a new, state-of-the-art conservation laboratory at the centre. A gallery is also being built to exhibit newly restored scrolls as they are finished being treated.
Written about 2000 years ago, the Dead Sea Scrolls are the earliest copies of the Hebrew Bible ever found, and the oldest written evidence of the roots of Judaism and Christianity in the Holy Land. Israel considers the scrolls a national treasure.
The Israel Museum’s seven Dead Sea Scrolls, among the most famous and complete scrolls in existence, will remain at the Shrine of the Book, a special gallery dedicated to the museum’s scrolls.
The new archaeological centre, designed by Israeli architect Moshe Safdie, is being built next to the Israel Museum and will eventually serve as the Antiquity Authority’s headquarters. Some $US80 million ($A87.94 million) in mostly private funding has been earmarked for the project, provided by some 30 donors from the United States, Europe and Israel.